The Prevention of Illegal Eviction from and Unlawful Occupation of Land Act (PIE) is an act of the Parliament of South Africa which came into effect on June 5, 1998, and which sets out to prevent arbitrary evictions.
In terms of the Constitution of South Africa, “No one may be evicted from their home, or have their home demolished, without an order of court made after considering all the relevant circumstances. No legislation may permit arbitrary evictions.”
PIE sets out the procedure to be followed in the case of such evictions.
The eviction procedure excludes the rei vindicatio and other common-law remedies for the vindication of ownership rights.
PIE has application also where the occupation was lawful to begin with but became unlawful later.
Different procedures are set out under PIE for private owners, urgent applications and organs of state. Notice must be given within fourteen days of the hearing.